# Moving Iron Voltmeter

## Moving-iron Voltmeter

Moving-iron voltmeters are generally used to measure alternating voltages and currents. In moving-iron instruments, the movable system consists of one or more pieces of specially-shaped soft iron, which are so pivoted as to be acted upon by the produced by the current in the coil. When the current flows through the coil, a magnetic field is produced and the moving iron moves from the weaker field outside the coil to the Stronger field inside it in other words the moving iron is attracted in. The controlling torque is provided by springs but gravity control can be used for panel types of instruments that are vertically mounted. Attraction and repulsion voltmeters are the two types of Moving-iron voltmeters.

Other types of voltmeters are:

## Voltmeter – Symbol  of Voltmeter

In circuit diagrams, a voltmeter is represented by the letter V in a circle, with two emerging lines representing the two points of measurement.

## Voltmeter and Hydraulic Analogy

The hydraulic analogy, or the electric-fluid analogy, is a widely used analogy between hydraulics and electricity, which is a useful tool for teaching and for those who are struggling to understand how circuits work. it can also be applied to heat transfer problems.

Since electric current is invisible and the processes in play in electronics are often difficult to demonstrate, the various electronic components are represented by hydraulic equivalents. The relationship between voltage and current is defined (in ohmic devices like resistors) by Ohm’s law. Ohm’s Law is analogous to the Hagen–Poiseuille equation, as both are linear models relating flux and potential in their respective systems.

Electricity (as well as heat) was originally understood to be a kind of fluid, and the names of certain electric quantities (such as current) are derived from hydraulic equivalents.

Voltage is like the pressure difference that pushes water through the hose. It is measured in volts (V). This model assumes that the water is flowing horizontally so that the force of gravity can be ignored. So that voltmeter is equivalent to pressure difference measurement.

The primary purpose of this project is to help the public to learn some exciting and important information about electricity and magnetism.