# Examples of Magnetic Fields – en

## Magnetic Field

A magnetic field is a vector field that describes the magnetic influence of electric currents and magnetic materials. It is an invisible force that surrounds magnets and electric currents, exerting forces on other magnetic materials and moving charges. The magnetic field is often represented by the symbol B and is measured in units of Tesla (T) or Gauss (G), where 1 T = 10,000 G.

Magnetic fields are generated by moving electric charges (electric currents) and by the intrinsic magnetic properties of certain materials, such as ferromagnetic materials (e.g., iron, cobalt, and nickel). The behavior of magnetic fields is described by a set of mathematical equations called Maxwell’s equations, which also encompass electric fields.

Magnetic fields play a crucial role in various natural and technological phenomena, including the Earth’s magnetic field (geomagnetism), which protects the planet from solar radiation, the operation of electric motors, generators, and transformers, as well as data storage devices such as hard drives.

Permeability is a material property that quantifies its ability to support a magnetic field. High permeability materials, like iron, concentrate magnetic fields, while low permeability materials, like air, weakly support them. Permeability influences magnetic induction and is essential in designing magnetic circuits, transformers, and electromagnets, allowing efficient transfer or control of magnetic fields.

## Examples of Magnetic Fields

Here are four examples of magnetic fields and their approximate strengths in Tesla (T):

1. Earth’s magnetic field: The Earth’s magnetic field is relatively weak, with a strength of approximately 25 to 65 microteslas (µT), or 0.000025 to 0.000065 T, depending on the location. It is stronger near the poles and weaker near the equator.
2. Refrigerator magnet: A typical refrigerator magnet has a magnetic field strength of about 0.001 T or 1 millitesla (mT). These magnets are strong enough to hold paper or thin objects to a metallic surface but are still relatively weak compared to other magnets.
3. Medical MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) machine: MRI machines use strong magnetic fields to generate detailed images of the body’s internal structures. The magnetic field strength of an MRI machine typically ranges from 1.5 T to 3 T, although some research and ultra-high-field MRI machines can generate fields of 7 T or higher.
4. Neodymium (NdFeB) magnet: Neodymium magnets are powerful permanent magnets made from an alloy of neodymium, iron, and boron. These magnets can produce magnetic fields with strengths of up to 1.4 T or more, depending on the magnet’s size and grade.

The primary purpose of this project is to help the public to learn some exciting and important information about electricity and magnetism.